W A T E R P O L O
Of the several team water sports created in the late 1800's, water polo is the sole survivor. Teams of 7 today play the sport, each trying to throw an inflated ball into the opponent's goal without touching the bottom of the pool. Water polo is strenuous and exciting sport, and even though considered a minor sport, draws huge audiences when televised during the Olympics.
From 1890-1895 the sport spread to Europe becoming especially popular in eastern European countries. Today, the sports controlling body in the US is an organisation called US Water Polo.
Players use an alternating breaststroke kick called the 'egg-beater', which allows them to rise from the water and place their centre of gravity several feet in the air. Such movement is of critical importance in receiving or intercepting the ball and especially in throwing the ball at the goal.
At the Olympics,
water polo is exclusively male, although women's water polo has continued
to develop. Some people are of the opinion that water polo has tremendous
potential for co-educational growth and promotion. They hope that the
sport might become the first NCAA inter-collegiate sport that would allow
men and women to compete together.
All the material is from 'Encyclopedia of World Sport' edited by David Levinson and Karen Christensen